Educational resources of the Internet - English.

 Образовательные ресурсы Интернета -

                                                        Английский язык.

        Главная страница (Содержание)

   

Английский язык

1. Начальная школа

2. Средняя школа

3. ОГЭ - английский язык

4. ЕГЭ - английский язык

5. Топики по английскому языку

6. ГДЗ по английскому языку

7. Английский для детей

8. Учебные пособия, самоучители

9. Учебные пособия (на англ. языке)

10. Учебные сайты

TOEFL Strategies. A Complete Guide to the iBT. 

Nova Press: 2016,  - 408 p.

TOEFL students all ask: How can I get a high TOEFL iBT score? Answer: Learn argument scoring strategies. Why? Because the TOEFL iBT recycles opinion-based and fact-based arguments for testing purposes from start to finish. In other words, the TOEFL iBT is all arguments. That's right, all arguments. If you want a high score, you need essential argument scoring strategies. That is what TOEFL STRATEGIES A COMPLETE GUIDE gives you, and more! TEST-PROVEN STRATEGIES: Learn essential TOEFL iBT scoring strategies developed in American university classrooms and proven successful on the TOEFL iBT. RHETORICAL ANALYSIS: Learn how to maximize scoring by rhetorically analyzing all reading, listening, speaking and writing tasks. ARGUMENT RECYCLING: Learn how the TOEFL iBT recycles opinion-based and fact-based arguments for testing purposes in all four test sections. ARGUMENT MAPPING: Learn how to apply the strategy called argument mapping to all TOEFL tasks for maximum scoring.
 

 

Format: pdf         

Size:  4,7 Mb

View, download:   drive.google

 

Audio:

Format:  mp3 / zip        

Size:  100 Mb

Download:   drive.google

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Contents
TOEFL Facts 8
TheTOEFL iBT 8
Task Order 9
What does the TOEFL iBT measure? 9
Topics ->TOEFL is a Teaching Test 9
Can I fail TOEFL? 10
What TOEFL iBT score do I need? 10
How important is TOEFL? 10
What is the SAT? 10
How do I register for TOEFL? 10
How should I prepare for TOEFL? 10
A NEW APPROACH TO THE TOEFL iBT 11
TheTOEFL iBT is all Arguments 11
Argument Mapping with G+3TiC=C 11
TOEFL iBT Argument Chart 12
WRITING SECTION -> Building a Foundation 13
What is an Argument? 13
Your Passive and Active English Vocabularies 13
Proficiency = Coherence 14
Rhetorical Strategies 14
What is a Reason? 15
Starting an Argument -> Subjective Thesis 16
Subjective-Thesis Checklist 16
Subjective Thesis -> No Signal Phrase 17
Subjective Thesis -> Well-Developed 17
INDEPENDENT WRITING TASK 18
Word Count -> Topic Development 21
OPDUL=C ^Rating this Task 21
Holistic vs. Analytical Rating Systems 23
Rating an Independent Essay 23
Rewriting 24
Developing the Introduction -> Hooks 24
Developing the Conclusion -> Strategies 25
G+3TiC=C + OPDUL=C -> Formula + Proof 27
• Independent Essay -> Step-by-Step 27
Paired-Choice Prompts 27
Single-Question Prompts 28
Common Problems for this Task 29
Predictor Thesis 32
Thesis Development -> Using Synonyms 33
• Sample Independent Essays -> G+3TiC=C 34
Agree-Disagree Essay 34
Preference Essay 35
Compare-Contrast Essay 35
Advantage-Disadvantage Essay 36
Advantage Essay 36
Disadvantage Essay 37
Reason Essay 38
Quality Essay 38
Contrarian Essay 39
Writing Practice 40
INTEGRATED-WRITING TASK 41
Reading and Lecture -> Analysis 41
Pro-Con Format 42
• Integrated Summary -> Step-by-Step 42
Listening Strategies -> How to Listen 46
Writing -> Point-by-Point Style 49
Writing -^ Block Style 50
OPDUL=C -^ Rating this Task 50
Rating an Integrated Summary 52
Paraphrasing 53
Common Problems for this Task 54
• Show-Support Writing Task 57
Integrated-Writing Practice 58
Calculating Your Writing-Section Score 65
SPEAKING SECTION 66
• Tasks #1 + #2 -> Independent Speaking 66
G+3TiC=C ^ G+TiC=C 67
Speaking Tasks #1 + #2 -> Step-by-Step 68
OPDUL=C ^ Rating this Task 70
Introduction and Conclusion Strategies 71
G+2TiC=C 72
Develop Transitions (T) 73
How Long Should My Response Be? 73
Common Problems for this Task 74
Help! - My Response is Too Long! 76
Help! - My Response is Too Short! 77
Sample Responses 78
Speaking Practice 81
• Task #3 -> Integrated Speaking 82
Speaking Task #3 -> Step-by-Step 82
OPDUL=C -> Rating this Task 88
How Long Should My Response Be? 89
Common Problems for this Task , 90
Help! -> My Response is Too Long! 91
Help! -> My Response is Too Short! 92
Speaking Practice 93
• Task #4 -> Integrated Speaking 97
Speaking Task #4 -> Step-by-Step 97
Note-Taking 98
OPDUL=C -> Rating This Task 104
How Long Should My Response Be? 104
Common Problems for this Task 105
Help! -> My Response is Too Long! 105
Help! -> My Response is Too Short! 105
Speaking Practice 106
• Task #5 -> Integrated Speaking 109
Speaking Task #5 -> Step-by-Step 109
OPDUL=C ^ Rating This Task 112
How Long Should My Response Be? 113
Common Problems for this Task 113
Help! -> My Response is Too Long! 115
Help! -> My Response is Too Short! 116
Speaki ng Practice 118
• Task #6 -> Integrated Speaking 120
Speaking Task #6 -> Step-by-Step 120
OPDUL=C -> Rating This Task 125
How Long Should My Response Be? 125
Common Problems for this Task 125
Help! -> My Response is Too Long! 126
Help! -> My Response is Too Short! 127
Speaking Practice 128
Calculating Your Speaking-Section Score 130
LISTENING SECTION 131
Listening Section -> All Arguments 131
Conversation Prompts 131
• Office-Hours Conversation 132
Introduction Analysis -> Noting General Ideas 132
Body Analysis -> Noting Specific Ideas 133
Conclusion Analysis -> Noting General Ideas 135
Rejoinders -> Identifying Topic Transitions 135
How to Listen -> Visualize the Argument 135
Sample Office-Hours Conversation -> Questions 136
1. Content Questions 137
Practice: Content Questions 140
2. Purpose Questions 141
Practice: Purpose Questions 143
3. Detail Questions: Single-Answer 144
Practice: Single-Answer Detail Questions 145
4. Detail Questions: Multi-Answer 146
Practice: Multi-Answer Detail Questions 148
5. Function Questions: Authentic-Speech Patterns 149
a. Tone 150
b. Hesitation 151
с Self-Correction 151
d. Repetition 152
e. Restatement 153
f. Idioms 154
g. Homophone Distractor 154
Practice: Question-First Function Questions 156
Practice: Segment-First Function Questions 157
6. Direct-Attitude Questions 158
Practice: Direct-Attitude Questions 160
7. Inferred-Attitude Questions 161
Practice: Inferred-Attitude Questions 163
8. Inferred-Action Questions 164
Practice: Inferred-Action Questions 165
• Service-Encounter Conversations 166
How to Listen -> Visualize the Argument 166
Sample Service-Encounter Conversation -> Questions 167
1. Practice: Content Questions 168
2. Practice: Purpose Questions 169
3. Practice: Single-Answer Detail Questions 170
4. Practice: Multi-Answer Detail Questions 171
5. Practice: Question-First Function Questions 172
6. Practice: Segment-First Function Questions 173
7. Practice: Direct-Attitude Questions 174
8. Practice: Inferred-Attitude Questions 175
9. Practice: Inferred-Action Questions 176
• Lecture -> Professor-Only 177
Lecture Analysis -> Noting General and Specific Ideas 177
How to Listen -> Visualize the Argument 179
Sample Lecture -> Questions 180
1. Practice: Content Questions 182
2. Practice: Purpose Questions 183
3. Practice: Single-Answer Detail Questions 184
4. Practice: Multi-Answer Detail Questions 185
5. Practice: Question-First Function Questions 186
6. Practice: Segment-First Function Questions 188
7. Practice: Direct-Attitude Questions 189
8. Practice: Inferred-Attitude Questions 190
9. Practice: Inferred-Action Questions 191
Ordering Questions 192
Practice: Ordering Questions 192
Yes-No Questions 194
Practice: Yes-No Questions 194
Connecting Questions 197
Practice: Connecting Questions 198
• Discussion -> Professor-Students 200
Discussion Analysis -> Noting General and Specific Ideas 200
How to Listen -> Visualize the Argument 203
Sample Discussion -> Questions 204
Practice: Discussion #1 206
Practice: Discussion #2 208
READING SECTION 210
TOEFL Recycles 210
Short Reading Test 210
Short Reading Test Questions 212
• Question Types 216
Multiple-Choice Questions 216
Sentence-Insertion Questions 217
Summary-Completion Questions 218
Complete-a-Table Questions 219
• Fact Questions -> Strategies 220
Reading Strategies 220
Scan for Question Signal-Words 221
Skim for Question Signal-Words 221
Skimming and Scanning 222
Practice #1: Fact Questions 224
Practice #2: Fact Questions 227
• Vocabulary Questions -> Strategies 230
Practice #1: Vocabulary Questions 234
Practice #2: Vocabulary Questions 237
• Negative-Fact Questions -> Strategies 240
Practice #1: Negative-Fact Questions 242
Practice #2: Negative-Fact Questions 245
• Inference Questions -> Strategies 248
Practice #1: Inference Questions 250
Practice #2: Inference Questions 252
• Rhetorical-Purpose Questions -> Strategies 255
Practice #1: Rhetorical-Purpose Questions 258
Practice #2: Rhetorical-Purpose Questions 261
• Reference Questions -> Strategies 264
Practice: Reference Questions 266
• Sentence-Simplification Questions -> Strategies 269
Practice #1: Sentence-Simplification Questions 273
Practice #2: Sentence-Simplification Questions 276
• Sentence-Insertion Questions -> Strategies 285
Practice: Sentence-Insertion Questions 292
• Prose-Summary Questions -> Strategies 296
Practice #1: Prose-Summary Questions 299
Practice #2: Prose-Summary Questions 301
• Complete-a-Table Questions -> Strategies 307
Practice #1: Complete-a-Table Questions 310
Practice #2: Complete-a-Table Questions 312
ANSWER KEY 318
Scoring Multi-Answer Questions 328
Independent Writing -> Proficiency Checklist 329
Independent Writing -> Rating Guide 330
Integrated Writing -> Proficiency Checklist 331
Integrated Writing -> Rating Guide 332
Independent Speaking -> Proficiency Checklist 333
Independent Speaking -> Rating Guide 334
Integrated Speaking -> Proficiency Checklist 335
Integrated Speaking -> Rating Guide 336
AUDIO SCRIPTS 337
Typing Test 405
DOWNLOAD AUDIO FILES 407
 

 

 


О том, как читать книги в форматах pdf, djvu - см. раздел "Программы; архиваторы; форматы pdf, djvu и др."


 

 

.

 

 

Английский язык :

Правила произношения

Правила чтения

Грамматика англ. языка

Таблицы спряжения

Наиболее употребительные:

Слова TOP 2500

Неправ. глаголы 135

Фразовые глаголы 170

А также:

Разговорный язык

Редуцирован. формы

Англо-русские тексты

Французский яз.

Испанский язык

Немецкий язык

Другие языки

Учебные материалы и тематические ссылки по всем предметам и многое другое.

 

 

 

 

Загрузка...

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  Copyright  © 2006-200 Alexander Vasiliev , St. Petersburg,  Russia,   info@alleng.ru

    Rambler's Top100